Health >> Disability >> Specific Activity Limitations >> Employment by Type (adults)

Only half of working-age adults with activity limitations were employed, compared to 85% of those with no limitations.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) led the U.S. Census Bureau to focus its disability questions on 6 common types of limitations likely to require accommodation under the ADA.

Adults with activity limitations were employed, but at significantly lower levels than those without limitations. 

  • Overall, only half of working-age adults with activity limitations were employed, compared to 85% of those without limitations. 
  • Employment varied with type of activity limitation, but even those with hearing limitation, who had the highest employment rates, were more than twice as likely as those without limitations to have no work.
  • Among adults age 16 and older with earnings, median earnings of men with activity limitation were 61% of the median earnings of men without limitations.  For women, the ratio was 67% (ACS 2009-2011 Table B18140).